Stolyarova Elena Georgievna
Samara State Institute of Culture, Architecture and Civil Engineering Academy, Samara State Technical University
Berezin Andrey Evgenyevich, Zhernokleva Olga Alexandrovna
Academy of Construction and Architecture, Samara State Technical University

Abstract. The purpose of the article is to analyze, identify the general and particular in the organization of the compositional space of painting in order to most accurately display the artistic image. The object of the study is the three-dimensional space in the visual arts. The subject is the basic laws of the organization and construction of realistic and conditional space in the visual arts. The analysis of the main types of space in the composition of painting is given. A fundamental division into realistic and conditional space in the solution of the artistic image of fine art is proposed. The concept of an artistic image is defined and the main means of conveying its expressiveness in a composition are identified, namely: format, space, compositional center, symmetry and asymmetry, balance, rhythm, dynamics and statics, color, texture, and so on. The article deals with the basic concepts, techniques and principles of the organization of space on the picture plane in the visual arts. It is determined that the compositional features of the organization of three-dimensional space are due to the use of linear, inverse, perceptual, spherical and light-air perspectives in the construction of both individual elements and the entire structure of the composition of a work of art. The role of different types of space in creating an artistic image within the framework of realistic and conventional painting is analyzed. The results of the work can be used in the educational and creative processes of creating works of fine art, in educational and methodological work, art studies. The proposed systematization of the spatial solution of the image allows us to consider the possibilities of realistic and conventional painting in order to fully reflect the idea and ideological position of the author of the work of art. In the process of analyzing and comparing the organization of the space of realistic and conventional images of the artistic image, the authors of the article came to the conclusion that the principles and techniques of working on the composition have a general and particular. The basic laws of composition, such as the organization of the center, balance, rhythm, movement and static, nuance and identity, from perspective – light-air, work equally for realistic and conventional images. The difference is marked by the use of the laws of different types of perspective (for the realistic solution of the artistic image and the space of the composition, linear, perceptual and light-air perspectives are used; for the conditional solution of the composition, the inverse, spherical perspective and axonometric methods of constructing a shape in space are used), as well as different ways of working with color and shape.

Keywords: visual art, artistic image, aesthetics, perspective construction, plane, space, composition.

Volume 7, Issue 1(27) p. 11-16 PDF

DOI: 10.52013/2712-9683-27-1-3